It is important to know what your skin type is in order for you to make right decisions about a proper skin care regimen or treatment which is suitable for your particular skin care needs. A skin type is a classification that describes a person’s genetic skin type. It never changes because it’s what you were born with. Only the condition of the skin changes.
There are 5 common skin types: normal, oily, dry, combination and sensitive. It is determined by how much, or how little, oil your skin produces. Genes, diet, stress level, hormonal fluctuation, medication and even your skin care regimen all determine how much oil your skin produces.
In order for you to determine what your skin type is, it is best to do a “skin test”. To do this, you must wash your face, pat it dry then after a few minutes, take a piece of lens-cleaning tissue paper and press on different spots on your face. If your skin is oily, the paper will stick, pick up oily spots and become translucent. If the paper doesn’t stick, or pick up any oily spots then it is most likely dry. If the paper sticks to your t-zone (forehead, nose and chin) then you have normal or combination skin.
Here are the characteristics of each skin type:
- Does not produce enough oil
- Follicles are small, sebum is minimal
- Extra care to protect transepidermal water loss (TEWL)
- Good oil water balance
- Follicles are normal size
- Free of blemishes
- Smaller to medium follicles on the edge of the t-zone
- Maintenance and prevention
- Can be both oily and dry or normal and oily
- T-zone is oilier, other areas normal to even very dry
- Pore size go from medium to large outside the t-zone is also combination (t-zone normal, outside oily)
- Excess sebum
- Follicle/pore is larger
- Extra care to balance oil without stripping barrier function
- Is also a skin condition
- Genetically predisposed
- Fragile, thin skin and redness
- Easily irritated
- Gentle, non-irritating care and treatments
Finding out your skin type is half the battle. Read the list of skin conditions on the following page to see which one you may have.