There are 4 main skin conditions: Acne, Aging, Hyper Pigmentation and Sensitive skin. But in the world of skincare, there are really 22 different skin conditions.
Here is a list of the 22 skin conditions:
- Adult Acne
Acne breakouts due to hormonal changes or other factors such as diet, stress management and routine.
Smokers have asphyxiated skin from lack of oxygen. Characterized by clogged pores and wrinkles: dull and lifeless-looking. Can be yellowish or grey in colour.
Open comedones are blackheads and clogged pores caused by a buildup of debris, oil and dead skin cells stuck in the pores. Closed comedones are not open to the air or oxygen. They are trapped by dead skin cells and need to be exfoliated and extracted. Also called whiteheads if hardened.
4. Couperose Skin
Redness; distended capillaries from weakening of the capillary wall; internal or external causes
Fluid, infection, or other matter under the skin.
Lack of water (also caused by the environment ie. heat, winter, medications, topical agents, aging or dehydrating drinks such as caffeine and alcohol)
7. Enlarged Pores
Larger pores due to excess oil and debris trapped in the follicles or expansion due to elasticity loss or trauma
Redness caused by inflammation
9. Hyper Keratinization
An excessive buildup of dead skin cells/keratinized cells
10. Hyper Pigmentation
Brown or dark pigmentation; discolouration from melanin production due to sun, other factors or irritation
11. Hypo Pigmentation
White, colourless areas from lack of melanin production
Usually redness or inflammation; from a variety of causes
A buildup of cells; a rough texture
Hardened whiteheads. Oil and dead skin cells trapped beneath the surface of the skin. These are not exposed to oxygen and have to be lanced to open and remove them.
Raised lesions; also called blemishes
16. Poor Elasticity
Sagging. Loose skin from damage, the sun, and aging
An infected papule with fluid inside
A vascular disorder. Chronic redness. Papules and pustules may be present
Reactions from external and/or internal causes
20. Solar Comedones
Large blackheads, usually around the eyes, due to sun exposure
21. Sun Damage
UV damage to the epidermis and dermis; primary effects are wrinkles, collagen, and elastin breakdown, pigmentation, and cancer
Lines and damage from internal or external causes. Also expression lines
The best way to treat the skin of its condition is to have a regular skincare regime with a daily, weekly and monthly routine.